American Public Health Association
Ashok Pinnamaraju earned his PhD in pharmacy from Oregon State University and a master’s degree in computer science from St. Cloud State University. At present, Ashok Pinnamaraju is a pharmacist at Lexcare Pharmacy. Mr. Pinnamaraju also holds memberships with the American Pharmacist Association, the Asian American Business Owners Association, and the American Health Association. The American Health Association offers a variety of education courses including those described below.
The CPR training course offered through the American Health Association teaches the most effective ways to provide basic life support for infants, children, and adults. Some of the concepts taught in the course include how to assess an emergency scene and the victim’s condition. Course participants also learn how to deal with foreign body airway obstruction and how to perform CPR with one and two rescuers.
The basic first aid course offered through the American Health Association provides training on how to care for adults, children, and infants in situations involving diabetic emergencies and sudden illnesses such as poisoning, stroke, and heart attack. This program also teaches participants how to handle traumas such as bleeding, burns, and bone and joint injuries.
The American Health Association’s course on blood-borne pathogens provides instruction on how to manage situations involving exposure to blood. This course explains how disease is spread and how to implement the most effective precautions and methods to control exposure.
Ashok Pinnamaraju is a Roanoke, Virginia-based pharmacist who emphasizes quality service in fulfilling prescription and nonprescription orders. Ashok Pinnamaraju strives to provide knowledgable advice on a full range of medications, while recommending that people consult with their physicians for definitive answers to questions regarding the medications they’ve been prescribed.
A recent Healthline article explores over the counter allergy drugs by comparing two popular choices, Claritin and Zyrtec. Both are nonsedating antihistamines marketed as having similar effects of calming the immune system and reducing the overactivity that causes many allergic reactions.
The active ingredients of the two drugs are different, with Claritin containing loratadine and Zyrtec cetirizine. A major practical difference between the drugs is that cetirizine is fast acting and typically takes effect within an hour. By contrast, loratadine requires more time to take effect but remains in the system for an extended period of up to 24 hours.
With serious side effects extremely rare, both antihistamines share a number of mild side effects that include sore throat, dry mouth, headache, and stomach pain. Both may also cause the drowsiness traditionally associated with antihistamines, although newer formulations make that much less of a problem than in the past.
Claritin and Zyrtec do present the possibility of more serious side effects, including swelling in the throat and mouth region, hives, difficulty breathing, and an elevated heart rate. In these cases, a physician should be consulted immediately to ensure that a serious health risk is not involved.
A respected presence in the Roanoke, Virginia, community, Ashok Pinnamaraju, PhD, leads Williamson Road Pharmacy its part owner and performs online prescription refills and order fulfillment. Dr. Ashok Pinnamaraju provides knowledgeable advice as required on the medications his pharmacy keeps in inventory.
For those with sleep disorders, one popular alternative to sedative-hypnotics is melatonin, which is naturally produced by the body as a hormone. With melatonin levels increasing as the evening progresses, the sleep aid creates a “quiet wakefulness” state that encourages sleep. With most people already producing adequate levels, melatonin supplements can be effective in the short term in combating insomnia and aiding in recovery from jet lag.
Helping sleep occur faster, melatonin is particularly useful for those who are living with delayed sleep phase syndrome, which involves consistently falling asleep late and waking very late as a result. With melatonin levels naturally rising a couple hours prior to bedtime, its effects can be augmented through maintaining low lighting and staying away from devices, which have blue and green lighting that can disrupt sleep. If undertaking international travel in the near future, it makes sense to start with a regimen of melatonin several days before the flight.
Ashok Pinnamaraju graduated from St. Cloud State University and Oregon State University before embarking on a pharmacy career that has spanned more than a decade. Currently the owner of Virginia-based Williamson Road Pharmacy, Ashok Pinnamaraju devotes himself to customer service by ensuring customers receive the right prescription drugs at the best available prices.
The cost of health care in the United States has been a hot topic of conversation over the years, and the price of prescription drugs has been a major part of that discussion. According to recent reports, the FDA may be looking at changes in the law that could lead to an overall reduction in prescription drug prices.
The law in question involves the way that prescription drug rebates are classified at the federal level. Currently, many prescription drug manufacturers offer rebate programs to pharmacy benefit managers and insurance companies in exchange for placement on preferred drug lists. The FDA argues that this should be treated as an illegal kickback.
FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb stated in a recent speech that, by eliminating these rebate programs, insurers and pharmacy benefit managers could negotiate a better deal with drug manufacturers. These savings would then be passed on to consumers in the form of lower prices.